Take the pledge – What can be done?
The most important changes that can be made to treat pre-diabetes and prevent type 2 diabetes include small lifestyle changes.
Eating a balanced diet — Eating a balanced diet that spreads carbohydrates throughout the day (to avoid sudden spikes in blood sugar), eating foods that are low in saturated fat and high in fiber, choosing baked seafood or poultry, including vegetables in every meal, and only buy 100% whole grain bread. The leaner a person, the better. Weight loss is often the cure.
Exercising regularly – Individuals should try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise everyday. Exercise doesn’t have to be grueling. Walking fast, gardening, or dancing would also help.
Taking medication, if required — In some cases, a health care provider might prescribe medication in addition to diet and exercise. However, an important study done in the U.S. has showed that making lifestyle changes is more effective at lowering the risk of developing type 2 diabetes than taking medication.
Smoking cessation — Smoking contributes to the early development of diabetes complications.
Monitoring blood pressure and cholesterol – An individual with pre-diabetes is one and a half times more likely to develop cardiovascular disease than someone with normal blood glucose levels.
It doesn’t matter how and when a person starts, it is important to remember that even small changes can lower the chances of developing type 2 diabetes.